A punisher is an aversive consequence that

a. weakens the behavior it follows.

b. is withheld to increase the probability of the response over time.

c. decreases the probability of shaping by successive approximations.

d. withholds negative reinforcers.

e. occurs on a consistent and predictable basis.

a. weakens the behavior it follows.

b. is withheld to increase the probability of the response over time.

c. decreases the probability of shaping by successive approximations.

d. withholds negative reinforcers.

e. occurs on a consistent and predictable basis.