Introductory Sociology

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[1] What is Durkheim's term for a condition in which people become detached from the norms that guide their behavior? A) compurgation B) primogeniture C) negative affective state D) anomie

[2] Jim and Jan are working-class Americans making a combined income of $47,000. Today they won a $125 million lottery. How will this immediately impact their lives? A) They will experience social paranoia. B) They will experience anomie. C) They will have delusions of grandeur. D) Their lives will be more stable and fulfilling.

[3] Janelle is a professor in the Department of Business at a state university. She is a full professor in her department and earns $135,000 a year. According to Lenski's status inconsistency hypothesis, what is Janelle's most likely political philosophy? A) conservative B) liberal C) very radical D) inconsistent

[4] When individuals experience status inconsistency, what is their likely choice of behavior? A) They will claim the higher status. B) They will claim the lower status. C) They will ignore both statuses. D) They will pick the status that best fits the situation.

[5] As a full professor of sociology, Jackie ranks high in prestige, but relatively low in income. What can one expect of her political views? A) She will be ultra conservative. B) She will probably become a socialist worker. C) She will be more politically radical. D) She will be apathetic towards politics.

[6] What does status inconsistency refer to in relation to social stratification? A) Individuals exhibit insecurity and inferiority when they are ranked low in prestige. B) Individuals fail to recognize the contradictions of class inequality and democratic values. C) Individuals are ranked high on one dimension of social class and low on other dimensions. D) Ranking in power, wealth, and prestige must be consistent for an individual to avoid negative consequences.

[7] Phil, a janitor for an expensive apartment-house complex in Chicago, is a union janitor who makes quite a bit more money than many of the tenants in the building he maintains. Lenski would note that Phil's high income but low occupational prestige demonstrates a condition of ________. A) status insecurity B) status contradiction C) status inconsistency D) status incompatibility

[8] The occupation with the highest prestige in the United States is a ________. A) college professor B) physician C) lawyer D) professional athlete

[9] Based on the average of 60 nations, what three occupations enjoy the highest prestige ratings? A) college professor, physician, lawyer B) airline pilot, architect, clergy C) college professor, high school teacher, lawyer D) college president, Supreme Court judge, astronaut

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